ANS-27, Fuel Cycle, Waste Management and Decommissioning
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ANS-40.35, Volume Reduction of Low-Level Radioactive Waste or Mixed Waste
Scope: This standard sets forth the general design specifications, procurement, and performance requirements for operation of low-level waste (LLW) and mixed waste (MW) volume reduction (VR) processing systems for nuclear power plants and other nuclear facilities. This standard may be applied to the specification of other LLW VR systems (such as government nuclear facilities) if consideration is given to any additional design features required by the hazardous nature of the wastes to be processed by them. For the purpose of this standard, a nuclear facility's LLW VR processing systems begin at the point where treatment of aqueous waste generates a solid waste, or where solid, slurry, or liquid organics wastes are collected, and ends at a waste storage, shipping, or disposal area. VR techniques may include processes such as drying, incineration, chemical decomposition, flash boiling, mechanical, or high-temperature reduction or destruction techniques, or both. Some VR systems may include, as an integral part of the system, a means for immobilization of the waste. Compaction and solidification techniques are in the scope of American National Standard Solid Radioactive Waste Processing Systems for Light Water Reactor Plants, ANSI/ANS-55.1-1992.
ANS-40.37, Mobile Low-Level Radioactive Waste Processing Systems
Scope: This standard sets forth design, fabrication, and performance recomendations and requirements for Mobile Low-Level Radioactive Waste Processing (MRWP) systems (including components) for nuclear facilities. The purpose of this standard is to provide guidance to ensure that the MRWP systems are designed, fabricated, installed, and operated in a manner commensurate with the need to protect the health and safety of the public and plant personnel.
ANS-57.1, Design Requirements for Light Water Reactor Fuel Handling Systems
Scope: This standard sets forth the required functions of fuel handling systems at light water reactor nuclear power plants. It provides minimum design requirements for equipment and tools to handle nuclear fuel and control components safely.
ANS-57.2, Design Requirements for Light Water Reactor Spent Fuel Facilities at Nuclear Power Plants
Scope: This standard presents necessary design requirements for facilities at nuclear power plants for the pool storage and preparation for shipment of spent fuel from light-water moderated and cooled nuclear power stations, including consideration of the impact of high burn-up fuels. It contains requirements for the design of the following: (1) Fuel storage pool (2) Fuel storage racks (3) Pool makeup, instrumentation and cleanup systems (4) Pool structure and integrity (5) Radiation shielding (6) Residual heat removal (7) Ventilation, filtration and radiation monitoring systems (8) Shipping cask handling and decontamination (9) Building structure and integrity (10) Fire protection and communication Design requirements for spent fuel storage in an Independent Spent Fuel Storage Installation (ISFSI) subsequent to such initial pool storage are covered in ANSI/ANS Standard 57.7.
ANS-57.3, Design Requirements for New Fuel Storage Facilities at LWR Plants
Scope: This standard defines the required functions of wet or dry storage facilities for new fuel, including high burn-up fuel, at light water reactor nuclear power plants. It provides minimum design requirements for safe storage of new nuclear fuel and control components at such plants. The fuel storage facilities covered by this standard are used for receiving, inspecting and storing fuel containing new and recycled uranium and mixed oxides. The basis of this standard is that the intended function of the facilities will be performed in an efficient and economical manner to (a) preclude criticality, (b) ensure protection to new fuel assemblies, control components, plant personnel, and the public, and (c) maintain radiation exposures as low as reasonably achievable.
ANS-57.5, Light Water Reactors Fuel Assembly Mechanical Design and Evaluation
Scope: This standard sets forth a series of design conditions and functional requirements for the design of fuel assemblies for light water cooled commercial power reactors. It includes specific requirements for design, as well as design criteria to ensure adequate fuel assembly performance. The standard establishes a procedure for performing an evaluation of the mechanical design of fuel assemblies. It does not address the various aspects of neutronic or thermal-hydraulic performance except where these factors impose loads or constraints on the mechanical design of the fuel assemblies.
ANS-57.7, Design Criteria for an Independent Spent Fuel Storage Installation (Water Pool Type)
Scope: This standard provides design criteria for systems and equipment of a facility for the receipt and storage of spent fuel from light water reactors. It contains requirements for the design of major buildings and structures including the shipping cask unloading and spent fuel storage pools, cask decontamination, unloading and loading areas, and the surrounding buildings which contain radwaste treatment, heating, ventilation and air conditioning, and other auxiliary systems. It contains requirements and recommendations for spent fuel storage racks, special equipment and area layout configurations, the pool structure and its integrity, pool water cleanup, ventilation, residual heat removal, radiation monitoring, fuel handling equipment, cask handling equipment, prevention of criticality, radwaste control and monitoring systems, quality assurance requirements, materials accountability, and physical security.
ANS-57.8, Fuel Assembly Identification
Scope: This standard describes requirements for the unique identification of fuel assemblies utilized in nuclear power plants. It defines the characters and proposed sequence to be used in assigning identification to fuel assemblies. This standard was developed primarily for commercial light-water reactor fuel, but may be used for any reactor fuel contained in discrete fuel assemblies that can be identified with a serial number as specified by this standard. Additionally, this standard describes requirements for a matrix system for identification in mapping the location of fuel rods within a fuel assembly. The matrix system establishes unique x-y coordinates for each possible rod location.
ANS-57.9, Design Criteria for an Independent Spent Fuel Storage Installation (Dry Type)
Scope: This standard is intended to be used by the owner and operator of a dry storage-type independent spent fuel storage installation (ISFSI) in specifying the design requirements and by the designer in meeting the minimum requirements of such installations. The standard includes requirements for the following: the design of major buildings and structures, shipping cask unloading and handling facilities, cask decontamination, loading and unloading areas, spent fuel storage areas and racks, fuel handling equipment, radiation shielding, special equipment and area layout configurations, air or gas quality, storage area integrity, air or gas cleanup, fuel inspection, ventilation, residual heat removal, radiation monitoring, prevention of criticality, radwaste control and monitoring systems, provisions to facilitate decommissioning, quality assurance, materials accountability, and physical security.
ANS-57.10, Design Criteria for Consolidation of LWR Spent Fuel
Scope: This standard provides design criteria for the process of consolidating LWR spent nuclear fuel in either a wet or a dry environment. It addresses processes for consolidating fuel either horizontally or vertically. The standard sets forth requirements for utilizing equipment and systems to perform consolidation, handle fuel rods and nonfuel-bearing components, and handle broken fuel rods. This standard also contains requirements for facility or installation interfaces, nuclear safety, structural design, thermal design, accountability, safeguards, decommissioning, and quality assurance.